Key Terms of Production

RGB – Red, Green Blue (associated with digital image use)

CMYK – Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black (associated with print image use – better quality).

Rights Managed (RM) – An exclusive contract meaning only you can use that picture.

Royalty Free – The option which allows anyone to use for different things.

Microstock ((MS) –  Images which are sourced from libraries – for example, Flickr. Citation for these images is necessary for this.

Font – A font is the combination of typeface and other qualities, such as size, pitch, and spacing.

Typeface – The typeface represents one aspect of a font. The two general forms are serif and sans serif.

Typography – Typography is, quite simply, the art and technique of arranging type.

Leading – The space between lines of text.

Superscript – Small lettering or number to the top of the last letter – for example Image result for 1st

Subscript – Small lettering or number at the bottom of the last letter. An example of this is in chemical equations. For example Image result for subscript

Baseline – The imaginary line on which the letter or number sits.

Ligature – The maximum words per line.

Widow – Short line of text, usually one word alone.

Orphan – Single word on the next page. This is when the last word of a sentence overruns from one page and appears on the next.

Hyphen – The line to separate words. For example, self-respect.

En dash – The dash to denote a time span. For example, 2pm – 4pm. [Alt + Hyphen key].

Em dash – The dash used when there is a sudden break in a sentence. [Alt + Shift + Hyphen Key].

Glyphs Palette – The palette on Adobe InDesign on where you can access symbols.

Infant letters – The type of font and typeface that is child-friendly. Such lettering is used in picture books.

Bleed – The extra 5mm used for  cut print and for trimming.

Matte finish – The standard finish for books. A smooth surface with no shine or gloss.

Matte-Laminate – Used to print foil under or over something on a cover.

Emboss – When the lettering on the cover jacket is slightly raised so that it has a bumpy feel.

De-boss – The opposite of emboss, whereby the bumpy feel can be felt on the inside cover.

Foil – A shiny cover that has a metallic shine to it.

Spot UV – When the cover is shiny but does not have a metallic shine.

Gloss – This is a cover finish which is shiny throughout the cover but does not have the same metallic shine as that of a foil print. Usually it is a glossy laminate, as in the example below.

A – Format – Old mass market paperback back size. Now usually for export.

B – Format – Current standard size of paperback used for mass markets in the UK.

Cover Sizes

Buckram jacket paper – A rough, slightly bumpy surface which is sometimes used on book covers.

White Buckram jacket paper

Hodderscape. (2009). ‘How to judge a book by its cover’ [accessed 11 April 2016].

Fluro Pantone – Creating a pop effect on a cover.

Automatic Stock Replenishment (ASR) – A system to manage stock. You can set minimum stock level for reprint and an automated reprint of a title. This makes it much simpler and cost effective to manage stock; instead of keeping titles which you might need to sell in the future in a publishers warehouse (which is costly) you can use this system automatically.

Printed Paper Case (PPC) – An alternative to cloth casing for hardbacks in which a paperback-like cover (but on much thinner paper) is glued on to the stiff boards and laminated in place. As a result, no protective jacket is necessary. (Publishing Terms)


There are two websites which I found particularly insightful when researching terms of production:





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